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Purine Derivative Adenine CAS 73-24-5 Vitamin B4 Raw Material Powder Anti-HIV drugs
Molecular formula: C5H5N5
Molecular weight: 135.13
Appearance: White or almost white crystalline powder
Package: 25kg/ drum
Use: For the production of adenosine, ATP, ADP, anti-HIV drugs, and plant growth hormone and vitamin B4 6 - benzyladenine.
Complex structures are often composed of smaller components, or building blocks. For example, a house is built with a combination of smaller parts, such as lumber, bricks, doors, and windows. Living organisms are built the same way; their molecules are comprised of many smaller molecules and atoms. Adenine is an important building block for life. It is one of four nitrogenous bases found in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). DNA and RNA contain the genetic code of every living creature including humans, plants, animals, fungi, and many microorganisms. Adenine helps to stabilize the nucleic acid portion of these molecules. Additionally, adenine is found in adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a molecule that carries the energy needed for work in cells.
Adenine is one of the two purine nucleobases (the other being guanine) used in forming nucleotides of the nucleic acids. In DNA, adenine binds to thymine via two hydrogen bonds to assist in stabilizing the nucleic acid structures. In RNA, which is used for protein synthesis, adenine binds to uracil.
Base pair AT.svg Base pair AU.svg Base pair AD.svg Base pair APsi.svg
A-T-Base-pair (DNA) A-U-Base-pair (RNA) A-D-Base-pair (RNA) A-Ψ-Base-pair (RNA)
Adenine forms adenosine, a nucleoside, when attached to ribose, and deoxyadenosine when attached to deoxyribose. It forms adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a nucleoside triphosphate, when three phosphate groups are added to adenosine. Adenosine triphosphate is used in cellular metabolism as one of the basic methods of transferring chemical energy between chemical reactions.